Nepal Looms



Textures by Dying: Different types of dyeing techniques obtain different textures in Tibetan Rugs. A solid color dyeing in machine or Abrash dyeing in a small pot gives different textures.

Dyes: The most common dyes that we use is metal complex Swiss dyes from renowned brand such as DyStar, Ciba and Clariant.

Abrash: Abrash refers to the hue or color change found on many older rugs. The variations in color are usually the result of inconsistent dyeing of the wool, or through the introduction of a new wool batch while weaving the rug.  Abrash is a striated plush which resembles the sought out look of old that is very much received.

Abrash Variations in the shade of a single color within a carpet, usually this appears in a horizontal line. It can be caused when the weaver uses wool from different dye lots or it can be caused by differences in the water used to rinse the dyed wool.

Swiss chrome dyes we use are made in Switzerland, it is one of the best metal free dyes which do not out gas while walking on the rugs. Swiss chrome dyes have been used from many years without any known negative health impact. We are very concern about eco friendly and health impact so we never compromise on our quality. Besides health and environmental issues our dyes are very color fast and vibrant.

Vegetable dyes we use are 100% natural dyes from plant and mineral source like Walnut, Rheum Australe, Indigo, Madder root, pomegranate peel, Henna leaves, weld, Hollyhock flower, Gallnuts etc, these vegetables are combined together to get different colors. The best thing about vegetable dyeing is a natural abstract color characteristic and 100% eco friendly. vegetable dye is bad on color accuracy so the colors may not match exactly like requirements.



Tibetan rugs have long been admired for their lush texture, soft touch and distinctive Tibetan weave. Hand-knotted of pure wool in the original style, this rug gives us an excellent interpretation of Tibetan mountain weaving.

Level Cut Pile: The best-selling type of Rug is textured cut pile.  Cutting looped Rug fibers at the top creates cut pile with yarn bundles standing straight.  Preserving cut pile several times creates a luxurious appearance.  Cut pile is less resistant to crushing than other types of Rug.

Chowchow: chowchow is a highly twisted cut pile Rug suited for high traffic areas.  It has short fibers that tend to curl in different directions at the surface to hide footprints and vacuum marks. 

Cut and Loop Pile: Cut and loop pile combines cut and looped fibers.  It provides a variety of surface textures or sculptured effects.  Cut and loop pile Rugs are available in solid  or multiple colors.  The different levels in this type of Rug can hide dirt and footprints.

Level Loop Pile: Level loop pile is made by weaving even loops of yarn into Rug backing at both ends.  This type of Rug is very strong and track resistance because of its strong loops.  Higher loops create a more luxurious appearance.  Level loop piles with short and densely packed loops are easy to clean.  They prevent dirt from filtering into Rug.  This type of Rug is ideal for high traffic areas. 

Multi-Level Loop & Cut Pile: Multi-level loop and cut pile is heights vary (usually two to three different loop and cut heights).  This Rug creates an appearance of random texture.  This type of Rug is good for high traffic areas but the smaller loops can sometimes hold more dirt. 

Fringe: We have had the fringe on each rug. Generally, we remove fringe and bind the rug with the same color of yarn. If instruct, we neatly pulled back under the rug and covered with a fabric them, allowing the client to leave it hidden or released.

Limitations: Cats and dogs can pull loops in loop-pile or cut & loop pile.

Pile refers to the yarn that rises above.  We can produce rugs in 2 different pile style. Cut pile, Loop pile or both pile combination, like a picture you can see at the right side.  When the rug is woven, the yarn is knotted around a metal rod. This yarn is then cut on the top to expose the inner strands of the yarn. Typically all yarn in the rugs is cut pile but occasionally this can also be left uncut or looped giving a different outlook of the rug. We can make cut pile and loop pile in a single rug. You can specify us on your design, for cut pile or a loop pile.

Pile height refers to the height or thickness of the rug. Typically our rugs are 4 mm high for 80 + Knots and 5 mm high for below 60 knots rug at a normal standard, but can be woven at your required pile height. Different pile heights can be used in the same rug to create a more multi-dimensional effect. Higher pile heights create softer rugs and can have a luxurious appeal.

Pile height effects the weight and cost of a rug, higher pile height costs slightly high due to materials used to produce a rug. We can produce 4 mm to 10 mm or more as your requirement.

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